Port Elizabeth - a City of History
Port Elizabeth's history as a city was foreshadowed during the Revolutionary/Napoleonic wars with France.
When the French invaded Holland and established a puppet regime, the British occupied the Dutch possessions at the Cape to forestall any French move upon the shipping route to India.
In 1799 the British established a fort and garrison on the escarpment overlooking a fresh water lagoon at Algoa Bay and named it Fort Frederick after Prince Frederick, the "Grand Old" Duke of York, then commander-in-chief of the British army.
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